Information About Himalaya:
The Himalayas or to pronounce Himalaya for short word, is a mountain range immediately at the north of the Indian subcontinent. By extension, it is also the name of a massive mountain system that includes “Sagarmatha” - Mt Everest with 14 major world’s highest peaks has raised by the massive earthquake about 200 million years ago. The ancient name was created in the Nepali Samascrit and Hindi ascription, and “La-Khang” is the Name of Himalaya in the Tebetan language. The Himalaya presently being pieced together by geologists has fascinating similarities to the ancient account. on the southern part, The Tibetan plateau is actually an accretion of separate continental fragments that collided with the Asian continent over a period of some 200 million years. A succession of large and small seas, collectively known as the Tethys Sea, was created and eventually drained as each fragment merged with the mainland. The most recent of these bodies of water existed until about 50 million years ago and extended from the Atlantic to the Pacific, between Africa, Europe and between India and the rest of Asia. In the hills to the south of Dingri, near Mound Everest, it is possible to find shell fossils from this ancient ocean alongside the trails. Even the rock on the summit of Mount Everest was once submerged, although that body of water pre-dates the formation of these Tethys Seas; climbers have found fossils of small marine animals called crinoids imbedded in the layers of limestone near the top. Together, the Himalayan mountain system is the world's highest, and home to the world's highest peaks, the Eight-thou sanders, which include Mount Everest and K2. To comprehend the enormous scale of this mountain range, consider that Aconcagua, in the Andes, at 6,962 meters (22,841 ft) is the highest peak outside Asia, whereas the Himalayan system includes over exceeding 7,200 m (23,600 ft). However the Alleghenian mountains, formed during the formation of Pangaea, likely rivalled or exceeded the Himalayas in height. The main Himalayan range runs west to east, from the Indus river valley to the Brahmaputra river valley From Tibet-Eastern Nepal to India, forming an arc 2,400 km (1,500 mi) long, which varies in width from 400 km (250 mi) in the western Kashmir-Xinjiang region to 150 km (93 mi) in the eastern Tibet to Arunachal Pradesh region of India. The range consists of three coextensive sub-ranges, with the northernmost, and highest, known as the Great or Inner Himalayas. Some of the world's major river systems arise in the Himalayas, and their combined drainage basin is home to some 3 billion people (almost half of Earth's population) in 18 countries. The Himalayas have profoundly shaped the cultures of South Asia; many Himalayan peaks are sacred in Hinduism, Buddhism and Sikhism. Geologically, the origin of the Himalayas is the impact of the Indian tectonic plate traveling northward at 15 cm per year to impact the Eurasian continent, about 40-50 million years ago. The formation of the Himalayan arc resulted since the lighter rock of the seabeds of that time were easily uplifted into mountains. An often-cited fact used to illustrate this process is that the summit of Mount Everest is made of marine limestone.
Nepal is a great Himalayan country, it located between India and Tibet/China. Among many things, this country's natural beauty, people's tradition and culture are widely noted by Thousands of travelers who visit this land every year. Nepal also has Ten World Heritage Sites which are regarded as the Himalayan Spirit which Lives and Breathes! And some of the highest mountains in the world including Mount Everest, Birth Place of the lord Buddha called Lumbini
The complex topography and geography together with the varied climatic patterns have enabled a wide spectrum of vegetation type to be established. These includes small areas of subtropical forest
Nepal has a composite population stemming from various racial and ethnic communities. It hfas been a melting pot of diverse linguistic and ethnic groups with population of 24 million living in different regions, wearing different costumes and speaking different languages and dialects.
The Kathmandu Durbar Square is s overwhelming frenzy of art and architecture. The medieval palace complex is created in different styles at the right hand side of the Kumari temple. This palace complex is locally known as the Basantapur Durbar or Nautale Durbar and the street called is called Basantapur after it.
Festivals of Nepal has always been a meaningful event where people enjoy themselves more through their direct involvement than just watching them. In Nepal, every festival has some purpose to serve, such as to bring rain or to have good harvest, to avert calamities and so on. In fact, festivals are the best way to understand and appreciate the Nepalese way of life. They are listed in below.
Information About Himalaya
- Geographical Information Of Nepal
- Flora and Fauna
- Festivals of Nepal
- Trekking in Nepal